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van der Linden: Problems and Procedures in Dentofacial Orthopedics
van der Linden, Frans P. G. M.

Problems and Procedures in Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume 4

1. Auflage 1990
Buch
Paperback, 382 Seiten, 144 Abbildungen
Sprache: Englisch
Fachgebiet: Kieferorthopädie

Artikelnr.: 26911
ISBN 978-0-86715-212-8
Quintessence Publishing, Deutschland

Titel vergriffen.

The book builts upon the 3 works earlier published in this series. The emphasis is on complex situations where discrepancies in tooth position, occlusion, and jaw relationships are involved with or without combination with jet other disturbances. The approch has been directed at clinical situatios as they are found in practice. The content and arrangement of the 20 chapters are based, on the one hand, and on development from birth to maturity ans, on the other hand, on a selection of the problems and procedures the present most often.

Contents

Preface 5
Introduction 17
Chapter 1 Problems from Birth to the Transition of the Incisors 19
1.1 Introduction 19
1.2 Deciduous teeth present at birth 19
1.3 Troublesome emergence of deciduous teeth 20
1.4 Thumb-sucking and finger-sucking 21
1.5 Use of dummies 21
1.6 Injury and loss of deciduous teeth 21
1.7 Lateral forced bites 24
1.8 Reversed overbites 24
1.9 Serious congenital anomalies 24
1.10 Supplementary remarks 25
Chapter 2 Variations in Transition of Mandibular Incisors 27
2.1 Introduction 27
2.2 The anterior section of the apical area and arrangement of anterior teeth before emergence 28
2.3 Eruption before emergence 29
2.4 Eruption after emergence and subsequent change in orientation 39
2.5 Patterns in transition of mandibular incisors 40
2.5.1 Mandibular Incisor Transition Pattern A 40
2.5.2 Mandibular Incisor Transition Pattern B 43
2.5.3 Mandibular Incisor Transition Pattern C 44
2.6 Supplementary remarks 50
Chapter 3 Variations in Transition of Mandibular Posterior Teeth 51
3.1 Introduction 51
3.2 The middle section of the apical area and the arrangement of the permanent canine and premolars before emergence 52
3.3 Eruption before emergence 53
3.4 Eruption after emergence and subsequent change in orientation 62
3.5 Patterns in transition of the mandibular posterior teeth 63
3.5.1 Mandibular Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern A 70
3.5.2 Mandibular Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern B 70
3.5.3 Mandibular Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern C 70
3.5.4 Mandibular Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern D 75
3.5.5 Mandibular Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern E 79
3.6 Supplementary remarks 83
Chapter 4 Changes in the Mandibular Incisor Region Associated With the Transition of Mandibular Posterior Teeth 85
4.1 Introduction 85
4.2 Relation between the size and shape of the anterior and middle sections of the apical area 85
4.3 Orientations of and relations between incisors, canine, and premolars before transition of the posterior teeth 86
4.4 Conditions in the dental arch after transition of the posterior teeth 86
4.5 Patterns in changes in the mandibular incisor region associated with transition of the posterior teeth 87
4.5.1 Mandibular Incisor Region Changes Pattern A 87
4.5.2 Mandibular Incisor Region Changes Pattern B 91
4.5.3 Mandibular Incisor Region Changes Pattern C 91
4.6 Influence of conditions in the canine-premolar segment of the mandibular incisor region during transition of the posterior teeth 91
4.7 Supplementary remarks 98
Chapter 5 Variations in Transition of Maxillary Incisors 101
5.1 Introduction 101
5.2 The anterior section of the apical area and the arrangement of the anterior teeth before emergence 101
5.3 Eruption before emergence 107
5.4 Eruption after emergence and subsequent change in orientation 107
5.5 Patterns in transition of maxillary incisors 113
5.5.1 Maxillary Incisor Transition Pattern A 113
5.5.2 Maxillary Incisor Transition Pattern B 117
5.5.3 Maxillary Incisor Transition Pattern C 121
5.5.4 Maxillary Incisor Transition Pattern D 125
5.5.5 Maxillary Incisor Transition Pattern E 125
5.6 Supplementary remarks 132
Chapter 6 Variations in Transition of Maxillary Posterior Teeth 133
6.1 Introduction 133
6.2 The middle section of the apical area and arrangement of the permanent canine and premolars before emergence 134
6.3 Eruption before emergence 139
6.4 Eruption after emergence and subsequent change in orientation 142
6.5 Patterns in transition of maxillary posterior teeth 143
6.5.1 Maxillary Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern A 144
6.5.2 Maxillary Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern B 145
6.5.3 Maxillary Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern C 145
6.5.4 Maxillary Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern D 145
6.5.5 Maxillary Posterior Teeth Transition Pattern E 149
6.6 Supplementary remarks 153
Chapter 7 Changes in the Maxillary Incisor Region Associated With the Transition of Maxillary Posterior Teeth 167
7.1 Introduction 167
7.2 Relation between the size and shape of the anterior and middle sections of the apical area 167
7.3 Orientations of and relations between incisors, canine, and premolars before transition of the posterior teeth 168
7.4 Conditions in the dental arch after transition of the posterior teeth 169
7.5 Patterns in changes in the maxillary incisor region associated with transition of the posterior teeth 169
7.5.1 Maxillary Incisor Region Changes Pattern A 170
7.5.2 Maxillary Incisor Region Changes Pattern B 170
7.5.3 Maxillary Incisor Region Changes Pattern C 174
7.6 Influence of conditions in the canine-premolar segment on the maxillary incisor region during transition of the posterior teeth 174
7.7 Supplementary remarks 176
Chapter 8 Problems in the Transition of Mandibular and Maxillary Incisors 181
8.1 Introduction 181
8.2 Asymmetries in the times and positions of emergence 181
8.3 Persistenceof deciduous incisors 181
8.4 Large maxillary central diastema 181
8.5 Disturbances in the transition of the maxillary incisors 182
8.5.1 Trauma in the deciduous dentition followed by loss of vitality of deciduous incisor 182
8.5.2 Loss of a deciduous incisor without damaging sequellae 183
8.5.3 Loss of a deciduous incisor with damage to its successor 183
8.5.4 Loss of a deciduous incisor with displacement of its successor 185
8.5.5 Intrusion of a deciduous incisor 188
8.5.6 Trauma followed by by a periapical abscess on a deciduous incisor 188
8.5.7 Midline supernumerary teeth 188
8.5.8 Other supernumerary teeth 189
8.5.9 Abnormal shape or size of maxillary permanent incisors 189
8.5.10 Hypertrophic frenum 189
8.6 Disturbances in the transition of mandibular incisors 190
8.7 Large multiple diastemata 190
8.8 Reverse overbite 190
8.9 Thumb-sucking 191
8.10 Abnormal tongue posture 191
8.11 Interposing lower lip 192
8.12 Anamnesis and examination 192
8.13 Differential diagnosis of a large maxillary central diastema 193
8.14 Supplementary remarks 194
Chapter 9 Premature Loss and Extraction of Deciduous Incisors and Canines 195
9.1 Introduction 195
9.2 Morphological differences between mandible and maxilla 196
9.3 Consequences of premature loss through resorption 196
9.4 Symptoms of impending premature loss through resorption 199
9.5 What to do in cases of (impending) unilateral early loss 199
9.6 Indications and contraindikations for extracting deciduous canines 199
9.6.1 Indication for extracting deciduous canines 199
9.6.2 Contraindications for extracting deciduous canines 199
9.7 Alternaives for extracting deciduous canines 203
9.8 Preventing or later correcting derimental effects of extracting deciduous canines 204
9.8.1 Preventing derimental effects 204
9.8.2 Correcting derimental effects 204
9.9 Supplementary remarks 205
Chapter 10 Agenesis of One or Both Maxillary Lateral Permanent Incisors 207
10.1 Introduction 207
10.2 Diagnosing agenesis of maxillary lateral permanent incisors 207
10.3 Space conditions in the dental arch 208
10.4 Orthodontic versus prosthodontic closure 208
10.5 Esthetic aspects of positioning the permanent canine alongside the central incisor 209
10.6 Prosthodontic solutions 210
10.7 Dental arch relation and bilateral agenesis 210
10.8 Guiding the development of the dentition 211
10.9 Unilateral agenesis of a maxillary lateral permanent incisor 213
10.10 Retention and postretention problems 215
10.11 Supplememtary remarks 216
Chapter 11 Trauma and Loss of One or More Maxillary Permanent Incisors 217
11.1 Introduction 217
11.2 Replantation of an avulsed teeth 217
11.3 Loss without replantation 218
11.4 Teeth unable to be saved after trauma 218
11.5 Variation in the loss of maxillary permanent incisors 219
11.6 Age at injury 219
11.7 Setting up a treatment plan after trauma 219
11.8 Dental arch relations and loss of maxillary incisors 220
11.9 Basic principles concerning traumatic loss of maxillary incisors 220
11.10 Guidelines for positioning substituting teeth 225
11.11 Retention and postretention problems 234
11.12 Supplementary remarks 234
Chapter 12 Abnormal Lip Positions After transition of the Incisors 237
12.1 Introduction 237
12.2 Normal lip position 237
12.3 Lip positions in Class II/1 anomalies 237
12.4 Lip positions in Class II/2 anomalies 240
12.5 Lip positions in Class III anomalies 253
12.6 Lip positions in anterior open bites 253
12.7 Age changes in lip position 255
12.8 Diagnosis and observation 255
12.9 Prevention and therapy 257
12.10 Supplementary remarks 259
Chapter 13 Transition Problems in the Posterior Regions 261
13.1 Introduction 261
13.2 Interceptive measures 261
13.3 Rotated canines and premolars 262
13.4 Buccal and lingual emergence of teeth 265
13.5 Preventing and correcting buccolingual anomalies of occlusion 265
13.6 Lateral open bites 267
13.7 Ankylosis of deciduous molars 267
13.8 Impacted canines 268
13.9 Supplementary remarks 269
Chapter 14 Premature Loss of Deciduous Molars 271
14.1 Introduction 271
14.2 Space conditions in the dental arch 271
14.3 Occlusion after loss of second deciduous molars 271
14.4 Lost of first deciduous molars 275
14.5 Stage of development of the dentition at the time of tooth loss 277
14.6 Influence of lips and tongue 280
14.7 Effect on anterior occlusion 281
14.8 Regaining lost space 281
14.9 Indication for space maintainers 281
14.10 Supplementary remarks 284
Chapter 15 Agenesis of Premolars 285
15.1 Introduction 285
15.2 Diagnosing agenesis of premolars 285
15.3 Therapeutic possibilities 286
15.4 Agenesis of premolars in the mandible 286
15.4.1 Space conditions in the mandibular dental arch 286
15.4.2 Dental arch relation and profile 287
15.4.3 Guiding the development of the dentition 288
15.4.4 Unilateral agenesis of the mandibular second premolar 288
15.5 Agenesis of maxillary premolars 288
15.5.1 Space conditions in the maxillary dental arch 288
15.5.2 Dental arch relation and profile 290
15.5.3 Guiding the development of the dentition 290
15.5.4 Unilateral angenesis of the maxillary second premolar 291
15.6 Standard solutions 291
15.7 Supplementary remarks 291
Chapter 16 Problems in Eruption of First and Second Permanent Molars 297
16.1 Introduction 297
16.2 Ectopic eruption of first permanent molars 297
16.3 Submerged second deciduous molars 300
16.4 Angenesis of permanent molars 300
16.5 Ankylosis of permanent molars 302
16.6 Impacted first and second permanent molars 304
16.7 Crowding in the molar region 305
16.8 Supplementary remarks 307
Chapter 17 Whether or not Extract Defective First Permanent Molars at an Early Age 309
17.1 Introduction 309
17.2 The importance of the first permanent molars 309
17.3 Consequences of extracting first permanent molars 310
17.3.1 Migration, tipping, and rotation of adjacent teeth 310
17.3.2 Closing spaces and changes in occlusion 311
17.4 Consequences of anomalous conditions 316
17.4.1 Crowding and spacing 316
17.4.2 Abnormal sagittal dental arch relations 316
17.4.3 Asymmetrical extraction 316
17.4.4 Extracting molars from one arch only 316
17.5 Indications and implications of extracting first permanent molars 317
17.5.1 Extractions in normal and abnormal occlusions 318
17.5.2 Extractions in Class II/1 anomalies 319
17.5.3 Extractions in Class II/2 anomalies 320
17.5.4 Extractions in Class III anomalies 320
17.6 Decision-making procedures for extracting mandibular and maxillary first permanent molars 320
17.7 General rules 324
17.8 Supplementary remarks 325
Chapter 18 Problems Concerning Third Molars 327
18.1 Introduction 327
18.2 Development and eruption of third molars 327
18.3 Frequency of agenesis and impaction 327
18.4 Morphology and growth of the jaws 332
18.5 Third molar incisor crowding 332
18.6 Predicting the chance of normal emergence 334
18.7 Age at removal 334
18.8 Supplementary remarks 335
Chapter 19 Adult Orthodontic Treatment 337
19.1 Introduction 337
19.2 General aspects of adult orthodontics 337
19.2.1 Psychological factors 337
19.2.2 Oral hygiene and cooperation 337
19.2.3 Structure of bone and collagen 338
19.2.4 Magnitude and direction of forces 338
19.3 Peridontal aspects 339
19.3.1 Preparatory treatment 339
19.3.2 Periodontal therapy during and after orthodontic treatment 339
19.3.3 Appliances that conserve periodontal structures 340
19.3.4 Tooth movements that conserve periodontal structures 341
19.3.5 Regeneration of periodontal tissues in orthodontic treatment 341
19.4 Late treatment of orthodontic anomalies 341
19.5 Orthodontic aid in restorative dental treatment 343
19.5.1 Uprighting and relocation of teeth 343
19.5.2 Forced eruption 344
19.6 Orthodontic treatment after spontaneous tooth migrations 344
19.7 Orthodontic treatment of functional disturbances 346
19.7.1 Abnormal lip posture 346
19.7.2 Premature contacts and forced bites 346
19.7.3 Serious occlusal interferences 347
19.7.4 Mandibular dysfunction syndrome 347
19.8 Combined surgical-orthodontic therapy 347
19.9 Retention 348
19.10 Supplementary remarks 349
Chapter 20 Combined Surgical-Orthodontic Therapy 351
20.1 Introduction 351
20.2 Indications 351
20.3 Psychological aspects 352
20.4 Diagnosis and treatment planning 353
20.5 Patient age at operation 354
20.6 Treatment procedures 354
20.7 Operative corrections 355
20.8 Retention and relapse 362
20.9 Risks of operation 362
29.10 Supplementary remarks 363
References 365
Index 375